“Menstrual injury” is not a recognized medical term. However, there are
conditions that can cause menstrual-related pain or injury. Here is some
about some of the common menstrual-related conditions that can cause
pain or injury.
Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for menstrual cramps, which can cause pain
lower abdomen, back, and thighs. Dysmenorrhea can be caused by the release
prostaglandins during menstruation, which can cause the uterus to contract
pain. Mild to moderate dysmenorrhea can often be managed with
medications such as ibuprofen.
Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the
outside of the uterus, such as in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or other
organs in the
pelvis. Endometriosis can cause painful periods, pelvic pain, and
for endometriosis may include pain management, hormone therapy, or surgery
to remove the
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths that can develop in the uterus.
cause heavy menstrual bleeding, pain, and pressure in the pelvis. Treatment
may include pain management, hormone therapy, or surgery to remove the
What are the symptoms of chondral defect?
The purpose of articular cartilage is to provide smooth movement between the
make up the joint. A focal injury to the cartilage can cause pain, joint
intermittent swelling, and catching or locking of the knee joint when there
is a loose
fragment of cartilage.
How is chondral injury diagnosed?
Doctor will review the patient’s health history and ask about the
surrounding the injury, activities that cause pain, and identify the
The physical examination will test joint laxity, joint line pain,
assess range of motion, stability, and gait. However, physical exam alone
may not reveal
the damage. X-rays will rule out arthritis, bony defects, and misalignment.
imaging may also be ordered such as MRI. MRI is a sensitive technique to
chondral injuries. However, the most reliable diagnosis is made with knee
using a small camera inserted into the joint where the lesion can also be
measured, or biopsied if further treatment is needed down the line.